Syntactic ambiguityPosted by plebius
"The killing of tyrants is justified"
Using structural diagrams, we can model this ambiguity.
STRUCTURE A | / / Subject Predicate | | | Verb Phrase | / | Verb Object | | | | | / | | Adj. Noun | | | Squad helps dog bite victim
STRUCTURE B | / / Subject Predicate / | / Verb phrase / | | / | / | Verb Noun phrase | | | | | / | | Noun Verb phrase | | | | | | | / | | | Verb Object | | | | | Squad helps dog bite victim
This type of ambiguity is often exploited for humorous purposes. It can also lead to many misunderstandings. Some people such as hypnotist Milton H. Erickson used this type of ambiguity in their therapeutic practices. This and other types of ambiguity are posing major problems for people attempting Natural Language Processing.
Scope ambiguity is a type of syntactic ambiguity characterised by confusion over the role a word plays in the sentence. Example: Prostitutes appeal to Pope. There is some debate over whether scope ambiguity represents a unique type of ambiguity or whether it belongs to syntactic ambiguity or lexical semantic ambiguity.
Grouping ambiguity: This is a type of Syntactic ambiguity that is ambiguous because it is unclear whether a modifier in a sentence modifies only one or several objects. Example: Hand me the red and yellow balls. (Hand me the red ball and the yellow ball, Hand me the balls that are red and yellow)
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